Press Release of Civil Society Organizations on the Visit of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to Indonesia

(Jakarta, 6 February 2018) Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS), Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation (YLBHI), Human Rights Working Group (HRWG), Alliance of Indigenous People of Nusantara (AMAN) and Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) appreciate the Government of Indonesia (GoI)’s initiative to invite the UN High Commissioner of the Office of High Commissioner on Human Rights, Mr. Zeid Ra’ad al Husein to Jakarta, Indonesia. The meeting between the High Commissioner of the UN and the Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) on 5 February 2018 discussed issues related to human rights, among others discrimination and violence, land rights and indigenous people, impunity and accountability.

Under the administration of Jokowi, discrimination and violence against minority groups have been constantly increasing. Perpetrators involved were religious extremist, non-state actors, and law enforcement apparatuses, such as the police. HRWG explained the existence of numerous national and local level discriminatory laws as one of the causes of increasing discrimination and violence leading to the negligence of fundamental rights comprising of civil, political, economic, sociocultural rights. For example, the Blasphemy Law No 1./1965 is used very often by individual or religious extremist to discriminate and persecute minority of religion and belief. Another case is the enactment of Qanun Jinayat No. 6/2014 that has been used to criminalize minority and vulnerable groups, especially Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT).

Land Rights are also becoming a serious concern. AMAN mentioned about indigenous people, peasant, and paupers who become victims of land grabbing by the Government. The Domein Verklaring concept, which is adopted by the Government as national law through agrarian law, becomes the baseline for the Government to seize lands owned by people who do not have ownership through a legal certificate. A similar situation is also depicted in Forestry Law. The non-existence of laws to recognize and protect indigenous people has led to the criminalization and the increase of agrarian conflicts. AMAN noted that 261 indigenous people are criminalized. Coalition for Agrarian Sector Reform (KPA) recorded that throughout 2017, 659 agrarian conflicts occurred, and this number will increase if the Government does not seriously address the agrarian conflict and start to stand with its people instead of big corporations or private sectors. The arrest of 13 indigenous people from Seko due to Governemnt’s ambition to build a dam, the arrest, terror, and violence experienced by indigenous people Nagari in Salingka, Talang Mountain, and the criminalization of 4 people from Sumber Agung Tumpang Pitu village who opposed the construction of mine and were then criminalized under the charge of communism are only a few examples from numerous problems in the agrarian sector.

Those human rights violation cases are difficult to solve due to the culture of impunity that still exists and has become a burden of the country. As mentioned by KontraS, after almost 20 years from the reformation era, the politic of impunity have been continuously adopted under the regime of President Joko Widodo. The resolution for massive human rights abuses are stagnant. In the case of Munir, the document produced by fact finding team remains unknown. Furthermore, there is no willingness from the President to make the results of the investigation conducted by the fact finding team public. 

The human rights violations continuously happened in various forms, both in the form of government policies that are contrary to the principles of democracy and human rights as well as ongoing cases of violations. Impunity is also marked by President Jokowi’s counterproductive policy by appointing suspected perpetrators of human rights abuses in his government and / or within his power circles both formally and informally. Related to this, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Mr. Zeid said that he will convey the issue of impunity occurring in Indonesia in his meeting with the State officials.

In addition, the rule of law is no longer upheld, reflected by the numerous court judgments that are not implemented by the Government. The judiciary that suppose to be the last fortress in providing remedy for the victims are instead becoming a tool to violate the people’s rights. This is due to the absence of check and balances in the police, attorney general office, and judiciary. Developments that do not involve or consider people’s opinion leads to the increase of human rights violation. This is evident in YLBHI’s records during 2017 that infrastructure projects are the cause of most human rights violations from cases handled by 15 LBH offices across Indonesia. All of these have violated the victim’s right to remedy. If this situation is not seriously addressed, our country will shift from rule of law to rule by law.

Regarding the visit of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, FORUM-ASIA hopes that this will not be one of the diplomacy plots that use human rights as tokens. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights must demonstrate a strong stance against the Indonesian government to question national accountability of Indonesia’s diplomatic pledge on the human rights sector. FORUM-ASIA research conducted in 18 countries found that Asian governments showed a significant decline in freedom of expression and association due to the sheer amount of legislation that repressed basic freedoms. This trend further marginalizes women and vulnerable groups such as LBGT. Indonesia must demonstrate global leadership by abolishing those discriminatory laws.

Therefore, here are the recommendations we would like to convey to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights:

  • Encourage the government to implement the full human rights provisions, in particular in providing effective remedies for victims as stipulated in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Covenant on Economic. Social and Cultural Rights;
  • Provide a strong impetus to the Government of Indonesia to revoke the Blasphemy Law no. 1/1965;
  • Providing a strong impetus to the Government of Indonesia to review Qanun Jinayat no. 6 Year 2014 in Aceh;
  • Encourage and ensure the Government of Indonesia’s commitment to implement the UPR recommendations, particularly in relation to the protection of minorities and vulnerable groups in Indonesia;
  • Making a positive contribution to the process of promoting and protecting human rights in Indonesia;
  • Encourage and ensure the government’s commitment in resolving past gross human rights violations with the judicial mechanism in accordance with Law no. 26/2000 on the Human Rights Court;
  • Demand to the President Jokowi to disclose the investigation result of fact finding team on Munir’s case to public;
  • Pass on Indigenous Peoples Laws, implementation of UNDRIP, UNSRIP and UNSRHRD laws.

We strongly reiterate our message that the visit of the UN High Commissioner of Human Rights to State officials is not a platform to provide a loophole for the eradication of mistakes made by perpetrators of human rights violations. The mandate of High Commissioner’s arrival to Indonesia should be ensured that it is not a means for the Indonesian government to acquire the international communities “forgiveness” of the Indonesian government’s failure to account for human rights violations. The presence of the UN High Commissioner of Human Rights should instead strengthen the voice of civil society and victims of human rights violations. In this regard we hope for the intervention of international human rights bodies, such as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, to be courageous and give firm statements on their stance and strong recommendations. If this is not the case, the presence of the UN High Commissioner of Human Rights in Indonesia, facilitated by the government, is no more than a diplomacy of “human rights investment” by the Indonesian government and supported by the Office of High Commissioner on Human Rights. We are still putting our hope on the power of international human rights bodies to take a significant step in giving attention to the situation of human rights and democracy in Indonesia

Jakarta, 6 February 2018

  1. Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS) CP: Fatia (081913091992)
  1. Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation (YLBHI) CP: Jane Aileen (08170192405)
  1. Alliance for Indigenous People of Nusantara (AMAN) CP: Monica (085775353307)
  1. Human Rights Working Group (HRWG) CP: Astrid (085695886369)
  1. Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) CP: Rachel (0811850090)

Peringati Migrant Day, SBMI Gelar Aksi Damai Menyuarakan 13 Tuntutan

Jakarta, LiputanBMI – Memperingati Hari Buruh Migran Internasional (International Migrant Day), Serikat Buruh Migran Indonesia (SBMI) menggelar aksi damai menyuarakan 13 tuntutan kepada pemerintah di depan Istana Negara, Jakarta, Senin (18/12/2017).

Aksi yang diikuti oleh ratusan masa ini terdiri dari seluruh perwakilan pengurus SBMI se-Indonesia dan didukung oleh Solidaritas Perempuan (SP), Human Right Working Group (HRWG), Jaringan Buruh Migran (JBM).

Titik kumpul aksi dimulai dari perempatan Patung Kuda sekitar pukul 10.00 WIB, kemudian long march menuju gedung Istana Negara.

Aksi damai dibuka oleh ketua umum SBMI, Haryanto, kemudian diisi dengan orasi dari perwakilan pengurus SBMI daerah seluruh Indonesia. Selain itu, aksi juga dimeriahkan dengan pagelaran drama teater dari Solidaritas Perempuan yang berkisah tentang penganiayaan TKI di luar negeri.

Haryanto dalam orasinya menyampaikan, upaya pemerintah dalam mewujudkan perbaikan tata kelola migrasi terlihat dalam UU No. 18 Tahun 2017 tentang Pelindungan Pekerja Migran Indonesia yang baru disahkan pada Oktober 2017. Pembagian tugas dan wewenang yang proporsional antara pemerintah pusat dan daerah, pengurangan peran swasta dalam sistem penempatan, pembentukan Layanan Terpadu Satu Atap (LTSA), peralihan pengelolaan jaminan sosial dari swasta ke negara, dan melibatan masyarakat dalam pengawasan menjadi isu penting yang diatur dalam UU yang patut diapresiasi.

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HAM Masih Sebatas Aset Diplomasi

Press Release

HAM Masih Sebatas Aset Diplomasi

[Jakarta, 9 Januari 2018] – HRWG menyambut baik berbagai terobosan kebijakan luar negeri Indonesia di bidang perdamaian dan kemanusiaan, merespon sejumlah krisis kemanusiaan di berbagai belahan dunia; utamanya krisis Yarusalem dan Rohingya. Indonesia tampil aktif sebagai aktor pendamai di kancah pergaualan internasional dan regional.

Bagi HRWG, melalui berbagai upaya ini, pemerintah sedang berusaha menjawab kritik publik selama ini bahwa diplomasi Indonesia di bawah kepemimpinan Joko Widodo masih terfokus pada kerjasama ekonomi.

Indonesia bisa menjadi harapan dunia, di tengah maraknya skeptisisme terhadap nilai bahkan kemunduran praktik demokrasi dan HAM di berbagai belahan dunia. Sayangnya, demokrasi dan HAM masih dipandang sebagai aset bagi diplomasi Indonesia, belum dijadikan sebagai nilai dan sikap dasar diplomasi Indonesia.

Berbagai inisitif pemerintah untuk aktif ambil bagian dari solusi berbagai persoalan kemanusiaan di berbagai belahan dunia, telah diperkuat dengan dibentuknya single agency dan Indonesian Aid guna peningkatan kerja sama Selatan-Selatan dan kerja sama teknis lainnya. Meski demikan, hal itu harus diikuti dengan kemampuan diplomasi berbasis HAM yang mumpuni. Semisal, bagaimana upaya aktif Menlu di Myanmar, seharusnya ditindaklanjuti oleh badan-badan HAM ASEAN; ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR), ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC) untuk bekerjasama mendorong Pemerintah Myanmar membentuk tim investigasi independen, menangkap dan mengadili pelaku dan merehabilitasi korban pelanggaran HAM. Peran serta aktif lembaga-lembaga HAM ini adalah untuk terus mensinergikan bagaimana kepentingan nasional dan regional, satu resep mumpuni yang perlu digarisbawahi dari pidato Menlu hari ini.

Bagi HRWG, upaya penyelarasan kepentingan nasional dan regional maupun internasional, harus didasarkan prinsip keadilan dan keadaban, yaitu dengan menjunjung tinggi nilai-nilai hak asasi manusia. Misalnya, pemerintah tidak cukup dengan membebaskan 14 warga Indonesia dari hukuman mati, namun, pemerintah juga harus aktif dalam mendorong penghapusan hukuman mati di dalam negeri dan di berbagai belahan dunia. Juga tidak berhenti pada solusi pemulangan 50.000 WNI yang terkena kasus hukum, melainkan pemerintah hadir memastikan hak-hak WNI dipenuhi sebelum pemulangan.

HRWG memandang bahwa keterlibatan Pemerintah Indonesia di tingkat internasional di bidang hak asasi manusia harus selaras dengan agenda perbaikan di dalam negeri, yaitu bagaimana perlindungan dan pemenuhan hak itu dapat dirasakan secara utuh bagi setiap warga negara. Hal ini berarti bahwa kebijakan luar negeri tersebut harus dapat diterjemahkan pada tataran praktis implementatif di semua komponen pemerintahan. Hal ini misalnya dalam pelaksanaan rekomendasi badan-badan PBB seperti UPR dan Komite Hak Buruh Migran yang telah diterima oleh pemerintah pada tahun 2017. Dikeluarkannya rekomendasi-rekomendasi ini merupakan bentuk komiten pemerintah Indonesia dalam hak asasi manusia, sehingga penting untuk melanjutkan agenda tersebut secara menyeluruh di dalam negeri dengan melaksanakan rekomendasi-rekomendasi tersebut. Kebijakan luar negeri merupakan potret dari apa yang terjadi di dalam negeri, sehingga perbaikan HAM di dalam negeri merupakan sebuah keniscayaan bagi Pemerintah Indonesia untuk terus terlibat dalam kancah politik HAM internasional dan regional.

Dengan menjadikan HAM sebagai nilai dan sikap dasar diplomasi Indonesia, niscaya, Indonesia mampu melaksanakan amanat pembukaan UUD 1945; ikut melaksanakan ketertiban dunia yang berdasarkan kemerdekaan, perdamaian abadi dan keadilan sosial. Mengingat, tantangan ke depan tidaklah mudah yaitu instabilitas politik dan keamanan di tingkat global serta potensi konflik di berbagai belahan dunia.



Human Rights Working Group Indonesia (HRWG)

Gedung Yarnati 2nd Floor, Jl. Proklamasi No.44

Email                                     :

Daniel Awigra                    +62 817-6921-757

Muhammad Hafiz            +62 812-8295-8035


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