Menguji Komitmen Pemerintah Indonesia terhadap Perlindungan Pekerja Migran

Siaran Pers

Menguji Komitmen Pemerintah Indonesia terhadap Perlindungan Pekerja Migran

Menteri Luar Negeri RI, Retno Marsudi baru saja menyampaikan Pernyataan Pers Tahunan Menteri Luar Negeri pada 9 Januari lalu. Dalam pidatonya, Menlu mengatakan Pemerintah Indonesia telah melakukan upaya untuk melindungi pekerja migran Indonesia di luar negeri dengan menandatangani ASEAN Consensus on the Protection and Promotion on the Rights of Migrant Workers dan Global Compact on Migration for Safe, Orderly, and Reguler Migration serta pengesahan Undang-Undang Pekerja Migran Indonesia No.18/2017.

Pekerja migran Indonesia jelas berkontribusi terhadap pembangunan ekonomi baik di negara asal maupun tujuan. Akan tetapi, ditengah klaim capaian pemerintah, faktanya perlindungan pekerja migran Indonesia masih menemukan banyak keterbatasan. Tahun lalu, Muhammad Zaini Misrin dan Tuti Tursilawati, pekerja migran Indonesia dihukum pancung oleh Pemerintah Arab Saudi. Data yang di peroleh dari Direktorat Perlindungan Warga Negera Indonesia, Kementerian Luar Negeri Indonesia, masih ada tiga belas (13) pekerja migran Indonesia yang terancam hukuman mati di Arab Saudi, termasuk Eti binti Toyib yang sudah mendapatkan keputusan hukum tetap.

Tidak hanya hukuman mati, kasus tindak pidana perdagangan orang (TPPO) yang melibatkan pekerja migran Indonesia juga sangat mengkhawatirkan. Berdasarkan data pemerintah yang dilansir dalam Laporan Tahunan Perdagangan Orang 2018 oleh Amerika Serikat, terdapat sekitar 5801 korban TPPO. Posisi Indonesia berada pada tier 2 pemberantasan TPPO yang berarti belum terpenuhinya standar minimum pemberantasan pidana perdagangan orang di dalam negeri. Di tingkat ASEAN, kasus perdagangan manusia juga sangat meresahkan seperti kasus yang terjadi di Kamboja dan Viet Nam di mana banyak dari anak-anak perempuan dipaksa menikah oleh keluarganya dengan warga negara tiongkok karena alasan uang.

Melalui ASEAN Consensus, Global Compact on Migration, dan Undang-Undang 18/2017 beserta aturan turunannya, Pemerintah Indonesia dituntut untuk secara partisipatif dan substantive melindungi pekerja migran baik di dalam maupun luar negeri. Komitmen tersebut seharusnya tidak hanya ditunjukan melalui penandatanganan kerjasama regional maupun internasional, tetapi juga upaya implementasi di tingkat nasional dan lokal melalui kebijakan/peraturan, program kerja, dan rencana aksi nasional. ASEAN Consensus yang diharapkan akan menjadi dokumen mengikat secara hukum di negara-negara ASEAN ternyata hanya disepakati secara konsensus. Terlebih, mekanisme ‘self assesment’ yang di gunakan untuk mengukur dan mengevaluasi keberhasilan rencana aksi ASEAN Consensus di nilai tidak inklusif dan partisipatif.

Pasca disahkannya Undang-Undang No.18/2017, Pemerintah Indonesia dituntut untuk dapat segera menjawab kekosongan hukum dengan mengesahkan peraturan turunan yang mengatur migrasi yang aman bagi pekerja migran secara teknis di lapangan. Sayangnya selama tahun 2018, pemerintah Indonesia hanya dapat mengeluarkan tiga prakarsa peraturan di tingkat menteri yaitu untuk seleksi hakim ad hoc, perubahan manfaat jaminan sosial, dan badan pelayanan perlindungan pekerja migran. Komitmen pemerintah Indonesia untuk menyelesaikan tiga belas (13) aturan pelaksana tahun 2019 harus terus ditagih dan dimonitor oleh organisasi masyarakat sipil guna memastikan adanya kemajuan pelayanan dan perlindungan pekerja migran Indonesia.

Narahubung:

Awigra (08176921757)

Deputi Direktur HRWG

Silahkan mengunduh dokumen siaran pers disini.

Golden Opportunity for ASEAN to Begin Recognizing Refugee Rights

Press Release

Golden Opportunity for ASEAN to Begin Recognizing Refugee Rights

[Jakarta, 24 January 2019] Human Rights Working Group (HRWG) appreciates the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN’s) effort in facilitating repatriation for Rohingya refugees facing persecution in Myanmar.  Earlier this week, ASEAN expressed the intent to address the issue of forced migration of Rohingya refugees within the ASEAN region. This comes as a response to the overwhelming need to facilitate a coordinated response to what has been described as the fastest-growing refugee crisis. The Rohingya, a stateless minority group residing in Myanmar’s Rakhine State, have suffered discrimination at the hands of the Myanmar government, and violent persecution by the military and nationalist vigilantes.

ASEAN’s repatriation efforts have been spearheaded by the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre), which is coordinating the equitable distribution of aid and relief in affected areas of Myanmar. Along with overall support from the ASEAN community, these efforts have paved the way for the development of a clear pathway towards the realization of peace and human rights objectives.

In order to prevent further escalation of the crisis in Rakhine State, ASEAN must contribute to guarantee the safe repatriation of Rohingya refugees, working alongside ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights and the ASEAN Institute for Peace and Reconciliation to resolve the key issues causing the conflict, and to promote reconciliation with upholding the principles of fair trial and human rights-based approaches.

In order to uphold accountability, it is crucial that Myanmar opens press freedom. Journalists should be free to seek and share information. Accordingly, Myanmar must release the journalists Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo, who were imprisoned in 2017 for investigating human rights abuses in Rakhine State.

A comprehensive refugee rights policy should be introduced and developed by ASEAN as, since its establishment, ASEAN has not addressed refugee rights.

This crisis can be seen as a golden opportunity for ASEAN to begin to recognize refugee rights as well as begin to end practices such as mandatory detention. Alternative methods include: Supporting the health and well-being of migrants, strengthening the participation in immigration case resolution processes, improving voluntary and independent departure rates and avoiding wrongful detention, overcrowding and long-term detention.

For more information, please contact Mr. Daniel Awigra, Deputy Director of the Human Rights Working Group  at awigra2015@gmail.com or +62817 6921757

For download the press statement please click this link.

Migrant labor and human rights: building connections between civil society in Japan and Southeast Asia

Managing international labor migration in an increasingly global society has emerged as a paramount challenge of the 21st century. As migration flows continue to grow worldwide, Asia has become a key region that is both the source of as well as the home to the largest number of international migrants in the world according to UN statistics. However, in spite of the growing need for coordination among sending and receiving countries, the international conversation, particularly among civil society stakeholders, has not been sufficient. In light of these emerging trends, the Asia Social Integration Department at the Sasakawa Peace Foundation (SPF) launched a new initiative to encourage networking between ASEAN countries and Japan to promote a more holistic discussion of migration issues and bring the voices of migrant workers, advocates, and academics to an international audience.

As part of this effort, SPF invited three migration and human rights experts from countries that send a large number of migrant workers to Japan – Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam – to meet with advocates, academics, and other stakeholders in Japan. The three participants were Mr. Daniel Awigra, program manager for ASEAN Advocacy with the Human Rights Working Group (HRWG) in Indonesia; Ms. Cecile Pauline Sanglap Montenegro, president of Batis-AWARE (Association of Women in Action for Rights and Empowerment) in the Philippines; and Mr. Vu Ngoc Binh, senior advisor at the Institute for Population, Family and Children Studies (IPFCS) in Vietnam. Over the course of a week from the end of November to early December, the three participants attended a series of workshops and field visits in Osaka, Kobe, Yokohama, and Tokyo.

When discussing the inspiration behind this new initiative, Fumiko Okamoto, director and senior program officer for the Asia Social Integration Department at SPF, explained that her group was impressed with the advocacy work in ASEAN, but noticed a lack of coordination with Japanese NGOs working on similar issues. “If civil society in both sending countries and receiving countries understand the issues, we can collaborate with each other to improve the situation,” said Ms. Okamoto, noting that SPF as a private foundation has the ability to connect these actors. Mariko Hayashi, program officer for the Asia Social Integration Department, also observed that often non-government actors in sending countries and receiving countries tend to focus only on their direct concerns without grasping the bigger picture. These countries “need to know what’s happening before migrants come here, what happens to the families and communities left behind, and what happens after they go back” said Ms. Hayashi. “Migration is really continuous, so that’s why we think there should be more of a network between the sending countries and receiving countries.” With this visit as a first step, the program is poised to welcome participants from a variety of countries and possibly bring Japanese civil society stakeholders to ASEAN countries to deepen regional networks moving forward.

Three perspectives from Southeast Asia
Cecile Pauline Sanglap Montenegro

While the program participants each specialize in different fields, they are united by their dedication to the human rights dialogue in their country as well as the concerns of migrant workers. Cecille currently serves as the president of Batis AWARE, an organization that supports women survivors of human trafficking and other abuses who are returning to the Philippines after working overseas. Her years of advocacy on behalf of female migrant workers have been informed by her own experience working as an entertainer in Japan in the 1990s. “I was a migrant worker for 10 years here in Japan and all of the discrimination and unequal support from the companies, the managers, and employers that I had is still happening right now,” said Cecille.

Beyond her personal experience, Cecille’s artistic talent served as the key inspiration for the program she currently runs at Batis AWARE. “I asked myself, as a former migrant worker, what is the best of me that I can use to help other people, especially other women who are also having this experience like what I had before?” said Cecille. She found that interpreting her memories through painting became therapeutic, which led her to design an empowerment program based around art. She noted that the reaction has been very positive “because some of the women and children can’t speak about their issues vocally because some of them are ashamed.” However, Cecille envisions a future for women to become more than the products of their experiences. “I really want victim survivors to not only be a victim and not only be a survivor, but to also be an inspiration for women.” Moving forward, she hopes to connect the program participants with academics and universities to increase awareness and push for change in the local community.

Daniel Awigra
Daniel Awigra

Awigra is currently a program manager with the Human Rights Working Group (HRWG), an Indonesian coalition of NGOs seeking ASEAN integration and regional implementation of human rights standards. While ASEAN countries in particular have reaped the economic rewards of labor migration, Awigra pointed out that “the huge benefit of these people working abroad is not followed by the protection of their rights.” To address this disparity, Awigra is currently working on a project to increase the accountability of ASEAN governments and other regional players to ensure meaningful implementation of migrant labor protections agreed to by heads of state at the 2017 ASEAN Summit. “We are trying to fill the gap to say to governments that you can’t just say good things in the international forum. You also have to follow up,” said Awigra.

As part of this effort, Awigra and HRWG in collaboration with SPF published a baseline study in 2018 outlining the conditions for migrant workers in ASEAN countries to serve as a starting point for regional discussions. “By sharing our baseline study and the mechanisms that we have in Southeast Asia, hopefully we can create tools to communicate [with other countries] so that we can make a bridge between sending countries and Japan,” said Awigra.

The full article can be read on the Sasakawa Peace Foundation’s website.