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[Article] Citizenship Challenges in Myanmar’s Democratic Transition: Case Study of the Rohingya-Muslim

Citizenship Challenges in Myanmar’s Democratic Transition: Case Study of the Rohingya-Muslim

Ahmad Suaedy (Abdurrahman Wahid Center) Muhammad Hafiz (Human Rights Working Group)

 

(the article published by Studia Islamika, ISSN: 0215-0492, e-ISSN: 2355-6145, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2015)

Abstract

As a part of the Myanmar transition to democracy, which began after the election in 2010, the census on March-April 2014 refused to count the Rohingya ethnic group. This was symbolic of the Myanmar government’s rejection of Rohingya people as citizens. The paradox is that democracy necessitates a guarantee of fundamental freedoms and recognition of all group identities. Through in depth interviews with a number of Rohingya political and social leaders at the end of March 2014, in Yangon, this research details the Rohingya struggle to secure their rights in the political process. A number of documents both from the Rohingya and from the Myanmar government justify why and how the process of exclusion and discrimination occurs. This research will conclude with a discussion of the challenges and recommended steps for the future to accommodate the Rohingya as Myanmar citizens, and of the need for international and regional support.

Keywords

Rohingya; Rakhine; citizenship; democracy; transition; Myanmar

Source: http://journal.uinjkt.ac.id/index.php/studia-islamika/article/view/1387